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creating opportunity from change


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creating opportunity from change


Artemis Capital Management L.P. is an investment, research, and technology firm that seeks to transform stock market volatility into opportunity for our clients. The firm employs quantitative, systematic, and behavioral based trading models to fulfill this mission. Artemis strategies provide non-linear exposure to the left and right sides of the return distribution, and when combined with traditional investments, are expected to improve the risk adjusted performance of the institutional portfolio. 

Artemis focuses on volatility trading through two private investment vehicles: The flagship Artemis Vega Fund and the Artemis Hedgehog strategy. Artemis Vega and Artemis Hedgehog seek to generate crisis-alpha and profit from periods of volatility dislocation and systemic crisis without the negative losses experienced by more traditional hedging products. 

The firm was founded in 2009 by Christopher Cole, CFA following verified and substantial proprietary account gains realized during the 2008 financial crisis.

Artemis Capital Management is registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) as an Investment Advisor, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) as a commodity pool operator (“CPO”), and is a member of the National Futures Association (“NFA”).


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Research


Latest research papers published by Artemis Capital Management.

Research


Latest research papers published by Artemis Capital Management.

Volatility and the Alchemy of Risk
 

Reflexivity in the Shadows of Black Monday 1987

The Ouroboros, a Greek word meaning ‘tail devourer’, is the ancient symbol of a snake consuming its own body in perfect symmetry. In extreme heat, a snake is unable to differentiate its own tail from its prey, and will attack itself, self-cannibalizing until it perishes. 

The Ouroboros is a metaphor for the financial alchemy driving the modern Bear Market in Fear. Volatility across asset classes is at multi-generational lows. A dangerous feedback loop now exists between ultra-low interest rates, debt expansion, asset volatility, and financial engineering that allocates risk based on that volatility. Alchemy is the only way to feed our global hunger for yield, until it kills the very system it is nourishing. 

The Global Short Volatility trade now represents an estimated $2+ trillion in financial engineering strategies and share buybacks that simultaneously exert influence over, and are influenced by, stock market volatility. Volatility is now an input for risk taking and the source of excess returns in the absence of value. Like a snake blind to the fact it is devouring its own body, the same factors that appear stabilizing can reverse into chaos. The danger is that the multi-trillion-dollar short volatility trade, in all its forms, will contribute to a violent feedback loop of higher volatility resulting in a hyper-crash. 

Thirty-years ago to the day we experienced that moment. On October 19th, 1987 markets around the world crashed at record speed, including a -20% loss in the S&P 500 Index, and a spike to over 150% in volatility. In this paper we will argue that rising inflation was the spark that ignited 1987 fire, while computer trading served as explosive nitroglycerin that amplified a normal fire into a cataclysmic conflagration. The multi-trillion-dollar short volatility trade, broadly defined in all its forms, can play a similar role today if inflation forces central banks to raise rates into any financial stress. 

There is no such thing as control… there are only probabilities.

To download the full article published in October 2017, click here. Opens in a new window. 

 

Volatility and the Allegory of the Prisoner’s Dilemma: 

False Peace, Moral Hazard and, Shadow convexity 

Dorothy Thompson once said “peace is not the absence of conflict”. Never forget there is a form of peace and stability reinforced by a foundation of underlying volatility. Game theorists call this the paradox of the Prisoner’s Dilemma, and it describes a dangerously fragile equilibrium achieved only through brutal competition. The Prisoner’s Dilemma is the most important paradigm for understanding shadow risk in modern financial markets at the pinnacle of a multi-generational debt cycle unparalleled in the history of finance. Global Capitalism is trapped in its own Prisoner’s Dilemma; forty four years after the end of the Bretton Woods System global central banks have manipulated the cost of risk in a competition of devaluation leading to a dangerous build up in debt and leverage, lower risk premiums, income disparity, and greater probability of tail events on both sides of the return distribution. Truth is being suppressed by the tools of money. Market behavior has now fully adapted to the expectation of pre-emptive central bank action to crisis creating a dangerous self-reflexivity and moral hazard. We are nearing the end of a thirty year “monetary super-cycle” that created a “debt super-cycle”, a giant tower of babel in the capitalist system. As markets now fully price the expectation of central bank control we are now only one voltage switch away from the razors edge of risk.  Do not fool yourself - peace is not the absence of conflict – peace can exist on the very edge of volatility.

The next great crash will occur when we collectively realize that the institutions that we trusted to remove risk are actually the source of it. The truth is that global central banks cannot remove extraordinary monetary accommodation without risking a complete collapse of the system, but the longer they wait the more they risk their own credibility, and the worse that inevitable collapse will be. In the Prisoner’s Dilemma, global central banks have set up the greatest volatility trade in history.

To download the full article published in October 2015, click here. Opens in a new window.


Volatility: The Market Price of Uncertainty

CFA Institute Conference Proceedings Quarterly
January 2014 | Vol. 31 | No. 1
The following is the abstract from the article "Volatility: The Market Price of Uncertainty" by Christopher Cole from Artemis Capital Management LLC.

  1. Today’s securities markets are pricing in yesterday’s crash, the known unknown, rather than tomorrow’s unknown unknown. To understand volatility as an asset class is to value the forward expectation of uncertainty, which is as much a function of human psychology as it is an expression of mathematics. Since the financial crisis, the pricing of volatility derivatives has undergone wide-scale changes that reflect classic behavioral biases. Not only is volatility an asset class, but in fact, it may end up being the most important asset class for institutional portfolios over the next decade. A strategy of “crisis alpha,” defined as the strategic acquisition of mispriced volatility, is a powerful way to navigate future uncertainty.

To download the full article published in January 2014, click here. Opens in a new window.


Volatility of an Impossible Object:  -

 RISK, FEAR, AND SAFETY IN GAMES OF PERCEPTION

The following is an excerpt from the research article "Volatility of an Impossible Object: Risk, Fear, and Safety in Games of Perception" from Artemis Capital Management LLC.

The global financial markets walk on the razors edge of empiricism and what you see is not what you think, and what you think may very well be impossible anyway. The impossible object in art is an illustration that highlights the limitations of human perception and is an appropriate construct for our modern capitalist dystopia. Modern financial markets are a game of impossible objects. In a world where global central banks manipulate the cost of risk the mechanics of price discovery have disengaged from reality resulting in paradoxical expressions of value that should not exist according to efficient market theory. Fear and safety are now interchangeable in a speculative and high stakes game of perception. The efficient frontier is now contorted to such a degree that traditional empirical views are no longer relevant.  The volatility of an impossible object is your own changing perception of risk.

To download the full article published on October 4, 2012 click here. Opens in a new window


Volatility at World's End

DEFLATION, HYPERINFLATION AND THE ALCHEMY OF RISK

The following is an excerpt from the research article "Volatility at World’s End: Deflation, Hyperinflation and the Alchemy of Risk" from Artemis Capital Management LLC. Click for PDF Download Opens in a new window

Imagine the world economy as an armada of ships passing through a narrow and dangerous strait leading to the sea of prosperity. Navigating the channel is treacherous for to err too far to one side and your ship plunges off the waterfall of deflation but too close to the other and it burns in the hellfire of inflation. It is said that de-leveraging is a perilous journey and beneath these dark waters are many a sunken economy of lore. Print too little money and we cascade off the waterfall like the Great Depression of the 1930s... print too much and we burn like the Weimar Republic Germany in the 1920s... fail to harness the trade winds and we sink like Japan in the 1990s. On cold nights when the moon is full you can watch these ghost ships making their journey back to hell... they appear to warn us that our resolution to avoid one fate may damn us to the other. Volatility at World's End symbolizes a new paradigm for pricing risk that emerged after the 2008 financial crash and is related to our collective fear of deflation.

To download the full article published on March 30, 2012 click here. Opens in a new window.

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Team


Team


PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT

CHRISTOPHER COLE, CFA - FOUNDER & CIO

Christopher R. Cole, CFA is the founder of Artemis Capital Management LP and the CIO of the Artemis Vega Fund LP. Mr. Cole’s core focus is systematic, quantitative, and behavioral based trading of volatility and derivatives. His decision to form a fund came after achieving significant proprietary returns during the 2008 financial crash trading volatility futures and options (verified by independent auditor). Cole’s volatility research is highly influential in derivative and macro trading circles and widely quoted by the financial press. His 2012 research paper entitled, “Volatility at World’s End” argued the equity options market was mis-pricing and hedging the wrong tail (left as opposed to right). The paper was credited with re-pricing long-dated volatility, and named one of the best macro-economic thought pieces of the last decade. Mr. Cole is a frequent speaker at industry conferences and in the media. He previously worked in capital markets at Merrill Lynch and structured over $10 billion in derivatives and debt transactions.


QUANTITIAVE RESEARCH

JOHN PARKHILL, PH.D. - LEAD QUANTITATIVE RESEARCHER

A native of Chicago, John Parkhill completed degrees at the University of Chicago in mathematics and chemistry, before earning a Ph.D. in theoretical chemistry, with a focus on strongly correlated quantum many-body problems. Following a Postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard University with Alan Asurpu-Guzik, John was an assistant professor at The University of Notre Dame where he obtained the NSF CAREER award, applying deep learning techniques to atomic dynamics.

JASON YORK, PH.D. - QUANTITATIVE RESEARCHER

Jason joined Artemis Capital Management after working as a Quantitative Software Engineer for Quansight.  Prior to this, he completed a Ph.D. in Petroleum Engineering at the University of Texas at Austin.  During this time, Jason worked to develop new generation hydraulic fracturing simulations, utilizing HPC and efficient coupling of numeric methods.  Jason also holds a M.S. in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Texas at San Antonio and B.S. in Aerospace Engineering from Texas A&M University.


MARKETING AND OPERATIONS

SHAUN JORDAN - DIRECTOR OF BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT

Shaun Jordan joined Artemis Capital Management with 15 years of capital raising experience in the global macro hedge fund space. Before joining Artemis, Shaun directed the capital raising efforts at Abraham Trading Company for thirteen years and at e360 Power LLC for one year. Shaun attended The University of Texas at Austin. While at Texas, he was a captain of the Swimming & Diving team which won 4 consecutive NCAA National Championships. He graduated with a degree in Economics in 1991 and returned to The University of Texas at Austin for an MBA, which he received in 1997. Shaun was a member of the 1988 and 1992 USA Olympic Swim Teams, where he won two Olympic Gold Medals as a member of the 4X100 freestyle relay. Shaun is a member of The Harry Ransom Center Advisory Council, The Austin Bat Cave Board of Advisors and is a University of Texas Athletic Department Ambassador.

LAUREN FISCHER - Director of OPERATIONS

Lauren joined Artemis Capital Management after working as a Project Manager for SALI Fund Services, an Insurance-Dedicated Fund creation and administration services company where she managed the creation and onboarding of IDFs for some of the largest asset managers in the industry. Lauren managed a wide variety of operational, legal, administrative, and compliance aspects of these funds and covered a wide array of investment strategies, including multi-strategy, long/short equity, long-only equity, private equity, fund of funds, MLPs, etc. Lauren graduated Cum Laude from Texas A&M University with a degree in International Studies with a Minor in Communication.

NICHOLAS MOORE - OPERATIONS ASSOCIATE

Nick joined Artemis Capital Management after working in various roles at Charles Schwab for a number of years. He started as a broker, working with Schwab’s retail client base before moving into a specialized role assisting Schwab’s self-directed high net worth clients. Nick was then asked to help build out a trading operations team for Schwab’s new Dallas-Fort Worth campus, which became the model for other Schwab centers thereafter. Nick graduated Magna Cum Laude from Southwestern University with a degree in Business Administration and a minor in Economics.


board of advisers

Bailey Korell - advisory Board member

Bailey Korell is an international lawyer and business builder based in Austin, TX. He is currently a business advisor and consultant, including as a Council Member at GLG (Gerson Lehrman Group), and a private investor. Previously Bailey was Managing Director and General Counsel at RGM Advisors, LLC, where he ran the legal and business affairs team for over a decade and oversaw the acquisition of the firm by DRW. RGM is an automated proprietary trading firm using machine learning and big data analysis techniques to trade thousands of financial instruments (listed and OTC) in U.S./Americas, EMEA and APAC. Bailey has previously worked as a corporate, securities and technology lawyer at leading international law firms (Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer, Minter Ellison and Coudert Brothers) in New York, Hong Kong and San Francisco. He also served as Associate General Counsel and Director of Business Affairs at Deja.com, Inc., and was involved in the sale of its business units to eBay and Google. Bailey has a JD from Harvard Law School (admitted in NY and CA) and a BA, Phi Beta Kappa, from the University of California, Berkeley.

Travis oliphant, PH.D. - advisory board member

Travis Oliphant, Ph.D. is a renowned businessman, data scientist and coder with strong expertise in machine learning algorithms and predictive analytics, primarily using the coding language, Python. He is founder of the technology startup Anaconda (previously Continuum Analytics) and, more recently, Quansight. In addition, he is the primary creator of NumPy and founding contributor to the SciPy packages in the Python programming languages. NumPy and SciPy are foundational open source ware packages that enable high-level machine learning in the entire Python coding ecosystem. Travis was an Assistant Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Brigham Young University from 2001 to 2007. In addition, he directed the BYU Biomedical Imaging Lab, and performed research on scanning impedance imaging. Travis served as President of Enthought from 2007 until 2011. He founded Continuum Analytics in January 2012 and Quansight in January 2018. Artemis has engaged Travis as an outside consultant through Continuum and more recently through Quansight for assistance in building out our machine learning and predictive analytics database platforms that are used on a daily basis in our trading models. 

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Press


Recent press for Artemis Capital Management

Press


Recent press for Artemis Capital Management

volatility is the instrument that makes us face truth
december 19, 2018 Meb Faber Research

why part of the market is a big bet on low volatility
december 7, 2018 bloomberg podcast

How a volatility virus infected wall street
april 11, 2018 Financial times

Are stock buybacks deepening america's inequality?
march 5, 2018 CNN Money

An abridged, illustrated history of volatility
march 5, 2018 Financial Times

The end of the low volatility regime
february 16, 2018 13D Research

Artemis's response to the guardian
february 13, 2018

what's next for the very volatile stock market
february 6, 2018 quartz

Chris Cole: Volatility and the alchemy of risk
January 25, 2018 macrovoices podcast

investors' blindness to risk has pushed markets to the brink
January 25, 2018 South china morning post

I, Robot
January 22, 2018 EQDerivatives magazine, q1 2018 issue

can the volatility recession really continue?
January 20, 2018 Financial Review

Low volatility will extract a price from investors
December 17, 2017 Financial times

401(k) at risk? What 3 stock market skeptics see ahead
November 12, 2017 USA Today

THE TWO AMERICAS: WHY, NOW MORE THAN EVER, INEQUALITY MUST BE CONFRONTED TO PROTECT ECONOMIC STABILITY.
oCTOBER 27, 2017 13d rESEARCH

Will Short Volatility Trigger the Next Black Monday?
October 19, 2017 New York times

'False Peace' for markets? A Trader is betting millions on it
September 13, 2017 New York Times

Fear Gauge Jumps to 2017 High
August 10, 2017 Wall Street Journal

Vol is the only asset class
May 15, 2017 Grant's interest rate observer

What Lies Beneath: Volatility in a peaceful world
April 27, 2017  real vision

fRaud, satisfaction and bubbles
April 19, 2017  bLOOMBERG

The fearless market ignores perils ahead
April 18, 2017  Financial times

Unease Grows about bets on MARKET stabILITY
April 9, 2017  Financial times

tAKING THE LONG ROAD WITH VOLATILITY (Subscription required)
February 23, 2017  Real vision tv

fUND'S $600 Million Lost Week Captivates Traders
February 16, 2017  Wall Street Journal

derivatives trader who predicted trump election says important new cycle has begun
January 24, 2017  VALUE WALK

The Volatility Paradox: Calm Markets but Soaring ‘Fear Gauge’ Trading
December 11, 2016  Wall street journal

Small Bets, Huge Payoffs with Chris Cole
November 29, 2016  The Investor's field guide

safety comes at steep prices in options
October 31, 2016  Wall street journal

Volatility Hedge Fund Sees Bull Market in Fear as Bets Jump
SEPTEMBER 29, 2016  Bloomberg

"FROM HUNGER" (subscription required)
September 16, 2016  Grant's Interest rate observer

Volatility Will Drown Investors: Artemis
April 15, 2016  Value Walk

Volatility Traders Have a Big Problem: Themselves
OCTOBER 14, 2015  BLOOMBERG

The shadow convexity risk in the machine (and the VIX)
OCTOBER 13, 2015   FT/ALPHAVILLE

Volatility and the Allegory of the Prisoners' Dilemma
August 26, 2015   The Hedge Fund Journal

Traders Prepare for Stock Volatility 
January 12, 2015  Wall Street Journal

Morning Moneybeat: Where has the Fear Gone?
November 12, 2014 Wall Street Journal

Why the New Shoeshine Boy Trade is Shorting Volatility 
MARCH 6, 2014   FT/ALPHAVILLE

THE RISK BEYOND THE BELTWAY
October 12, 2013  BarRon's

Traders Bet VIX Calm Won’t Last; History Suggests Otherwise
April 1, 2013  Wall Street Journal

Artemis’s Cole is Finding Alpha in Volatility Markets
March 29, 2013  Hedge Fund Review

Investors Finding New Calm in Crises
March 26, 2013   Wall Street Journal

A Powerful Convexity in Short-Term VIX Futures
February 26, 2013   FT/Alphaville

Hedging against Volatility in a Bull Market of Fear w/Christopher Cole!
November 21, 2012  Capital Account with Lauren Lyster

"Fear and loathing 101" (subscription required)
November 2, 2012  grant's interest rate observer

Nobel Prize: The Games Economists Play
October 16, 2012  Sydney Morning Herald

Welcome to the 'Desert of the Real' - A Postmodern Economy
OCTOBER 9, 2012  FT/Alphaville

VIX Contracts at Record as Traders Lock in Stock Gains
September 14, 2012  bloomberg

Tail Spin
SEPTEMBER 4, 2012  institutional investor's alpha

"tHE wRONG TAIL" (SUBSCRIPTION REQUIRED)
May18, 2012  Grant's interest rate observer

CASEY: DIY TAIL RISK MANAGEMENT
APRIL 16, 2012  Futures and Options World

Chris Cole Bloomberg TV Interview / Taking Stock with Pimm Fox (15:40 mark)
April 10, 2012  Zero Hedge

WHEN THE TAIL-EVENT BECOMES THE STANDARD RISK
APRIL 11, 2012  FT/APLHAVILLE

Artemis On Volatility At World's End
APRIL 10, 2012  ZERO HEDGE

Volatility Views 33: The Art of Managing Volatility
December 12, 2011  Volatility Views

Fall of the House of Money: Artemis Capital on How Central Banking Took Over Capital Markets
November 4, 2011  zero hedge

Volatility is Change, and the World is Changing
October 7, 2011  ft/Alphaville

Markets Were Up Today Because They Were Down Yesterday
OCTOBER 7, 2011  DealBreaker

Worries Focus on "Too Big to Fail" Clearers
August 12, 2011  International FInancing Review

Obama Owns this Crisis
AUGUST 9, 2011  Economonitor

Fear Index VIX Up 50%, In Backwardation Confirms Full-Fledged Bear Market
August 8, 2011  Forbes

VIX Curve Implies a "Systemically Important Shock Event"
AUGUST 8, 2011  FT/Alphaville

The Great Rebalancing: How the Outlook for Low Returns and High Volatility Could Change the Future of Asset Allocation
August, 2011  CFA Institute

The New Normal
May 20, 2011  international Financing Review

On Actually Writing the (Currently Implied) Bernanke Put
April 19, 2011  FT/Alphaville

Volatility Skew Disagrees With Fed on the Future of Markets Post-QE2
APRIL 15, 2011  Seeking Alpha

The Great Vega Short - Volatility, Tail Risk, and Sleeping Elephants
January 11, 2011  Zero Hedge

The Fed’s New Wave of Easing Could Help the VIX Rise Higher
October 18, 2010  City A.M.

Musings on a Unified Risk Theory: Correlation, Vol, M3 and Pineapples
OCTOBER 11, 2010  ZeroHedge

 

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Volatility At World's End: Two Decades of Movement in Markets


Volatility At World's End: Two Decades of Movement in Markets


This video was first shown in conjunction with Christopher Cole's speech at the 2012 Global Derivatives and Risk Management Conference in Barcelona, Spain.

"Nobody will deny there is roughness everywhere..." Benoit Mandelbrot

The movement of stock prices has been an obsession for generations of speculators and traders. On a higher level, mathematicians believe that modern markets are an extension of the same fractal beauty found in nature. Visualized, these stock markets may take the shape of a turbulent ocean with waves made of human hopes, dreams, greed and fear.

Merging the world of high-finance and high-art, Artemis Capital Management is proud to present a creative visualization of stock market volatility over the last two decades. "Volatility at World's End: Two Decades of Movement in Markets" is a depiction of real stock market volatility using trading data from 1990 to 2011. The visual are designed from S&P 500 index option data replicating the implied volatility wave (or variance swap curve) extending to an expiration of one year. The front of the volatility wave contains the same data used to calculate the CBOE VIX index. The movement of this wave demonstrates changing trader expectations of the futures stock market volatility. As the wave moves through time, the expected (or implied) volatility surface transforms into a realized volatility surface derived from historical S&P 500 index movement. The transition represents what professional traders call "volatility arbitrage." The color variation in the volatility waves show the volatility-of-volatility or internal movement of the wave. The track underneath the volatility wave represents underlying S&P 500 index prices.

To download the corresponding article, please click here.

 

Concept and Creative Direction by Christopher Cole, CFA.

Visual Animation and Programming By Jayson Haebich.

Featuring the Song "Blood" by Monsieur Adi.

Title Design by Nataliya Vakulenko. 

 

Invest


Invest


Artemis is currently open to accredited investors. Please check the SEC definition to see if you qualify.

If you're an accredited investor looking to learn more, please use the form to contact us.

 
 
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Careers


Careers


Artemis is currently hiring for an experienced Executive Assistant to join our team. The Executive Assistant will report directly to top executives at the firm and be responsible for a wide range of professional and personal responsibilities, problem-solving, and administrative support.

If you are interested in this position, and have demonstrated experience supporting C-level executives, please send your resume to hr@artemiscm.com.

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Contact


CONTACT US:

ARTEMIS CAPITAL MANAGEMENT LP
ARTEMIS VEGA FUND LP 

98 SAN JACINTO, SUITE 370
AUSTIN, TEXAS 78701

T 512-467-4735
F 512-649-1312

info@artemiscm.com

Contact


CONTACT US:

ARTEMIS CAPITAL MANAGEMENT LP
ARTEMIS VEGA FUND LP 

98 SAN JACINTO, SUITE 370
AUSTIN, TEXAS 78701

T 512-467-4735
F 512-649-1312

info@artemiscm.com

 

Artemis Capital Management LP
Artemis Vega Fund LP 

Frost Bank tower
401 Congress ave, suite 3250
Austin, Texas 78701

T 512-467-4735
info@artemiscm.com

 

 


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Disclosure


Disclosure


The content on this website is for information purposes only. This website contains information that is confidential and may constitute non-public information.  None of the information on this website is intended as or constitutes an offer to sell any securities to any person or a solicitation of any person of any offer to purchase any securities. Such an offer or solicitation can only be made by the confidential private placement memoranda relating to the investment vehicles managed by Artemis Capital Management, LLC (the “firm”), which the firm will provide only to qualified offerees. The investment products managed by the firm are open only to investors who are both (i) "accredited investors" as defined in Rule 501(a) of Regulation D promulgated by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933, and (ii) “qualified clients,” as defined in Rule 205-3 promulgated by the SEC pursuant to the investment advisers act of 1940, as amended.  By accessing this information, you are deemed to have represented and warranted to the firm that you satisfy this requirement. Further, prospective investors may not invest in any such products for a period of 30 days after initial qualifying contact, except for those who have already invested or are actively considering an investment. You also agree to contact the firm immediately if there is any change in your qualifying status. No person should rely on any information in this website, but should rely exclusively on the confidential private placement memoranda in making an investment decision.  No investor should invest without undertaking comprehensive due diligence and carefully reviewing the confidential private placement memoranda. The principals of the firm are available to discuss investment opportunities and to answer potential investor questions. The materials on this website have been prepared for informational purposes only and do not constitute financial, legal, tax or any other advice. All information contained herein is provided "as is" and the firm expressly disclaims making any express or implied warranties with respect thereto.  Each investor should consult its own legal and financial advisors about the advisability and suitability of this investment.  The firm reserves the right to terminate, at any time and for any reason, any registered user's access to this website, without giving notice of such termination to the user.  The information presented herein may not be used for any purpose other than the user’s personal and internal business use. All users may not reproduce, modify, copy, alter in any way, distribute, sell, resell, transmit, transfer, license, assign or publish such information.  All information contained herein, including the firm’s logos and trademarks as well as its services, products and investment information or opinions, are proprietary materials. The use of such materials without the express written consent of the firm is strictly prohibited. The unauthorized use of any material on this website may violate various laws and property rights of the firm, including, but not limited to, copyright, trademark, trade secret or patent laws and rights.  PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT NECESSARILY INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS. No assurance can be given that the firm’s investment objective will be achieved or that an investor will receive a return of all or any portion of his or her investment. Investment results may vary substantially over any given time period.  All investments involve the risk of loss.